Self-medication has increased dramatically in Germany and will continue to increase.Studies confirm this trend: Germans are increasingly avoiding visits to the doctor and at the same time increasingly treating themselves with non-prescription drugs. According to their own statement, more than every third German citizen (35%) goes to the doctor less often due to the elimination of the reimbursement of non-prescription drugs. Long waiting times at the doctors and co-payments for pharmaceuticals mean that many of those affected first go to the pharmacy. But self-medication also has its limits.
These are achieved when health disorders are more than just minor, temporary disorders or the cause can no longer be clearly assessed by the person concerned. In such a case, the cause can be more serious – then it is essential to always see a doctor. Self-medication options The prerequisite for any self-medication is that one recognizes the disorder and can deal with it. Conversely, this means: all disorders that you do not know where they come from or that you are unsure about must be examined by the doctor. Before buying an over the counter medicine that you do not know, it is advisable to seek advice from a doctor or pharmacist.
Before taking any medication, it is advisable to read the instruction leaflet carefully and to follow the instructions for use. If medicines are not dosed correctly or taken at the wrong time, this can impair their effectiveness. Does the ingested preparation help? Are the symptoms decreasing or are there other complaints? Observing the body and the complaints is an essential prerequisite for self-medication. Limits to Self-Medication If you are not sure that your own diagnosis is correct, you should always consult your doctor.
If the symptoms persist for more than three to four days, the doctor must also be consulted. Do not take any remnants from the medicine cabinet! You can also use eye drops or your sister’s antibiotic yourself? Basically no: Antibiotics do not belong in the medicine cabinet, because firstly they should always be used up and secondly, every infection must be treated with the right antibiotic at the doctor’s.
Eye drops are only stable for 6 weeks and must not be used afterwards because they are bacterially contaminated. Restraint among pregnant women, breastfeeding women and children. Special precautionary measures apply to pregnant and breastfeeding women as well as to babies and small children.
Therefore, it is best for these groups of people to see a doctor straight away. Kinder benötigen andere Medikamente als Erwachsene. Kinder – vor allem Kleinkinder und Säuglinge – haben einen anderen Stoffwechsel, ihr Immunsystem ist noch nicht ausgereift und viele Enzyme und Hormone sind nicht so wirksam wie beim Erwachsenen.
Natural medicine is always thought to be harmless. In many cases, however, this is not the case. One example is the plant-based cardiac glycoside digitoxin, which in higher doses can lead to cardiac arrest. Another example is herbal laxatives , which these days are less recommended than their chemical counterparts.