Knee pain can have a number of causes. In the case of active people, there is often an excessive or improper load behind the complaints. Knee pain is often noticeable when moving, for example jogging or climbing stairs. In some cases, however, they can also occur at rest.
Depending on whether the pain is inside, outside, front or back in the knee, a first guess can be made about the cause of the knee pain. If problems persist, however, a doctor should always be consulted – only he can rule out that there is a serious injury such as a meniscus damage behind the knee pain. The knee – a complicated joint
Since the individual bony joint parts do not interlock exactly, but are sometimes only held together by ligaments and muscles, the knee joint is particularly prone to injury. Pain in the knee can have different causes and therefore take different forms:
The pain can be perceived as throbbing, stabbing, pulling, burning or pressing. Injuries to the knee are particularly common in sports – this can damage the ligaments and tendons as well as the cartilage in the knee. The most common injuries include a cruciate ligament tear , an outer or inner ligament tear, a meniscus damage and an injury to the kneecap. However, pain in the knee does not always have to indicate a serious injury; in some cases,
the symptoms are simply due to an overload of the knee. Especially in older people, knee pain is also caused by signs of wear and tear such as osteoarthritis . Knee pain when jogging Athletes also have to struggle with knee pain several times. Causes can be an incorrect running technique or a congenital leg deformity (knock knees or bow legs). Also muscular imbalances can lead to knee pain: If the thigh extensor muscles strong shortened or in comparison to the hamstring pronounced too little, can derive pain resulting in the knee. Imbalances between the outer and inner thigh muscles can also lead to knee pain, as this pushes the kneecap to one side.
Whether knee pain occurs during exercise also depends largely on the stability of the hip and ankle joints . If, for example, the muscles on the inside of the foot are too weak, so that the foot kinks inwards, this also has consequences for the knee joint: By twisting the lower leg, the tendons and cartilage surfaces in the knee are incorrectly stressed and the joint begins to hurt over time. In addition, the knee joint is also incorrectly stressed if the muscles in the hip joint are too weak, as the thigh then turns too much inward. In addition, an incorrect running style can cause knee pain:
If you sit too hard while jogging and therefore bend your knee joints excessively, you exert increased pressure on the kneecap. If the knee pain occurs acutely, it can also be due to an inflammation of the cartilage below the kneecap: Such an inflammation occurs when the kneecap rubs against the cartilage in the knee – for example because the thigh muscles are too weak. Knee pain from running: The runner’s knee A runner’s knee – also known as ilio-tibial ligament syndrome – is caused by overloading the knee joint while running. Runners with bow legs are particularly at risk. Regardless of the anatomical situation,
building up training too quickly and too many fast training units can also lead to the development of a runner’s knee. The usually stabbing pain on the outside of the knee is triggered in the runner’s knee by the fact that a tendon plate rubs along the outer knee hump.
Constant contact can cause irritation of the tendon tissue and inflammation of the bursa. While the pain initially only occurs when walking, over time it often becomes noticeable when walking. As a rule, a runner’s knee can be treated well with anti-inflammatory ointments and a break from training.